In trying your best to protect your family, your property, or your business against various threats like vandalism, theft, and burglary, you may have decided to install a CCTV camera system. These systems are increasingly being used worldwide due to their effectiveness in deterring crimes.
However, there are several issues that you should consider during the installation process in order to ensure that your system’s effectiveness is optimized. One very important issue is where to position your cameras to ensure that the areas you want to be monitored are completely covered.
Moreover, determining how many cameras, as well as their focus and positions, could save you a lot of money by ensuring that your premises are under full surveillance.
In this article, we will discuss how to effectively position the cameras of your security surveillance system to ensure that they fully cover the areas being monitored and achieve good quality footage. Let us focus our discussion on three recommended techniques:
* Identifying the places to position the cameras
* Deciding the type of camera to be placed in each chosen location
* Determining the view of the cameras in each location
Identifying the places to install the cameras
There are generally two types of locations for CCTV camera installation. These are the areas where there is an asset you are trying to protect or areas of entry and exit that you are trying to safeguard.
In a typical household, the following areas should always be secured with a CCTV camera.
- Front Door
Based on verified data, 34% of burglars or thieves enter their target through the front door. You should install your front door camera at the second-floor level of your house to prevent burglars from tampering or disabling it. You should enclose your camera in a wire mesh if you install it at a level where it can be easily reached.
You can also use a high-tech peephole camera in your front door so you can identify any person at your home discreetly before opening the door.
- Back Door
One of the main entry points of intruders in a house is the back door so you should also position a camera to cover it. You should protect your camera against tampering or damage, a common way to disable them before unlawful entry. You should install a weatherproof camera with night vision capability at your back door for the best reliability and coverage.
- Backyard or Side Gate
Criminals also often intrude on backyards to steal such items as expensive lawn and garden machinery, children’s toys, and recreational equipment. You should install motion-sensor floodlights and a night vision camera in your yard as protection. You can install your camera in plain sight and place a notice about its presence to serve as a deterrent to criminals. Most of the time, just seeing a surveillance camera installed on a house or property is enough to deter home intruders.
- Off-Street Windows
Also install a camera on your off-street or rear windows as they are among the favorite entry points of burglars and thieves. The recommended camera to monitor rear windows are wireless cameras with remote control capabilities. Be sure that these cameras can also be controlled, operated, and monitored from a mobile device such as a tablet, computer, or smartphone for more convenience.
- Basement Stairs
Basements usually have access hatches or doors, as well as small windows that are big enough for a person to crawl through. To monitor these areas, install a camera on the stairs leading up from your basement. The recommended type of camera in this area is a motion sensor security camera with night vision capability.
Deciding the types of cameras to install in each selected location
There are generally three types of cameras recommended for household applications. These are:
– Panorama cameras– The view of these cameras can be set manually by the operator and allow for a large area to be covered and monitored by the system.
– Fixed cameras– These cameras are those whose views are focused only on a specific area of surveillance, they often have a greater range but smaller area of view.
– Pan, tilt, and zoom (PTZ) cameras – The view of these cameras can also be adjusted manually or set to pan over wide areas to properly position them for the best surveillance of any given area.
Things to consider when deciding on what type of CCTV camera to install in a specific area
– You should install a PTZ camera in large areas of interest (more than 25 square meters).
– You should use automatic motion sensing recording panoramic cameras if monitoring a specific area and there is no operator watching the footages in real time.
– Install fixed cameras in very specific areas of interest such as valuable assets, entry and exits or automobiles on property.
Determining the view and direction of the cameras in each location
When chosing locations in CCTV camera installation, it is very important to determine and maximize their field of view (FoV). Ensuring that a camera is properly set up and positioned will guarantee that it completely covers the monitored area and capture every activity that occurs.
You should make sure that any camera is not positioned too high and perform some test recording to ensure the proper view of the camera. The camera should also not be zoomed out too much or zoomed in too far, to ensure that the person or object in question will be captured in full view and in a clear focus.
Buying a high quality security system is the first step towards insuring the safety of your home and property. But understanding the camera types, and how to position them is critical to the quality of your surveillance. Keep these tips in mind when setting up your system to protect your home, business or family.